Thanks to research, scientists are focusing their attention on the study of allergies. Most allergies today are linked to certain environmental changes that impact the health of the stomach and immune system. Allergies or changes of this type can begin early in a child’s life.
What Is an Allergy?
To better understand the reasons for infant allergies, you need to define an allergy. An allergy is a hypersensitivity of the immune system that signals that the body is not receiving the right response to an allergen. When this happens, doctors consider that a child is suffering from some type of imbalance. This imbalance can increase the risk of certain non-communicable diseases such as chronic respiratory distress or diabetes.
An allergy happens when the immune system does not react properly to a substance that is normally considered harmless. This substance or allergen may be a food, pet dander, or pollen. Scientists are focusing on treating infants as this is the time in life when the immune system is developing. By ensuring a better response, medical and scientific practitioners can ensure the health of a child throughout his or her life.
Allergies Have Risen in Number
Incidences of allergies have risen with about 40% of the people in the world suffering some form of this type of distress. This is attributed to the susceptibility of the developing immune system and how it copes with varying changes in the environment. Some of these changes include the widespread use of antibiotic medicines, pollutants, and an increased number of caesarean-section births. When these changes occur, they cause an imbalance, also referred to as dysbiosis. This imbalance affects the bacteria in the intestines.
In this instance, gut microbial dysbiosis represents a loss of certain microbial organisms such as bifidobacteria, a good bacteria. In turn, pathogenic bacteria emerge in response. Around 80% of the body’s immune system is found in the stomach. Therefore, this type of finding is indeed significant. Gut bacteria, when it is diverse and beneficial, reduces the risk of allergies or the persistence of allergy-associated disease such as diabetes.
Learning More about Intestinal Health
When you consider that the tracts of the intestines contain as much as 80% of our immune cells, you can see why research in this area is important. Understanding how children become allergic early in life can help scientists learn how to balance out the immune response. Whether a child becomes allergic to pollutants or certain foods, it pays to know how to combat an improper response. That is why research remains ongoing in this area. By taking a proactive attitude, scientists can help children so future generations of adults can live healthier lives.
Early Exposure to Antigens
Early exposure to antigens will allow patients to develop a better reaction to allergens. When this type of practice is implemented, children can lead allergy-free lives that will not trigger other unwanted diseases. Learning how to train the immune system so it responds correctly is first and foremost on the minds of scientists today.